Dibru - Saikhowa national park is located at about 12 kms north of Tinsukia town of Assam covering an area of 650 sq. km. It is also a Biosphere reserve. The Park bounded by the Brahmaputra and Lohit rivers in the north and Dibru river on the south. It is situated in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia District of Assam. It mainly consists of wet evergreen forests, tropical moist deciduous forest, cane brakes and grasslands. It is the largest salix swamp forest in north east India. Situated in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra and the Lohit, at an altitude of 118 m above sea level, Dibru-Saikhowa is a safe haven for many endangered species. Due to the auto stocking by River Brahmaputra and Dibru, it is rich in Fish Diversity. Dibru Saikhowa has tropical monsoon climate with a hot and wet summer and cool and usually dry winter. The annual rainfall ranges from 2300 mm to 3800 mm. The main rainy months are June, July, August, September. The average coldest and warmest temperature of the area ranges from 7° C to 34° C where June, July and August are the hottest while December and January are the coolest months.
Total 36 species of mammals have so far been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa, of which 12 are listed in the schedule 1 of Wild life (Protection) Act 1972. The mammalian species of Dibru-Saikhowa includes Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Jungle Cat, Sloth Bear, Dhole, Small Indian Civet, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Chinese Pangolin, Gangetic Dolphin, Slow Loris, Pig Tailed Macaque, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Capped Langur, Hollock Gibbon, Asian Elephant, Wild Boar, Sambar, and Hog Deer, barking Deer, Asiatic Water Buffalo, and Feral Horses etc.
Dibru-Saikhowa is uniformly rich and diver in herpeto fauna. 2 species of Monitor Lizards, 8 species of Turtles and 8 species of Snakes have so far been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa. 62 dissimilar species of fishes and more than 350 species of birds have also been recorded from the Dibru-Saikhowa.
Best time to visit: Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is generally kept open for tourist from month of November to April or as notified by the National Park Authority. A written permission from the Park Authority for entering into the National Park is obligatory.No entry after sunset and before sunrise is permitted in the Park. Guijan Ghat and Saikhowaghat are the two entry points for tourists. Night halt and pickniking inside the Park is strictly prohibited. Lodging facilities are available out side the Park at Guijan Forest I.B. for which advance booking is necessary. However, private Hotels are also available at Tinsukia Town at a very reasonable rate.
Where to stay:
1) Divisional Forest Officer, Wild life Division, Tinsukia, Phone : +91-374-331472(O) 333082(R)
2) Gujjan Forest I.B.,
How to reach :
By Air : The nearest airport to the park is at Dibrugarh, which is located at a distance of 40 km from Tinsukia.
By Rail : The nearest railway station is also at Dibrugarh which is linked with Guwahati by a broad gauge.
By Road : Tinsukia is the nearest town which is about 10 km and 50 km away from Gujjan and Dhola entry point respectively. One can take buses, auto rickshaws and taxis from Tinsukia. The park is 500 km away from Guwahati, the state capital.