Dhubri district is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Dhubri town which is situated at 290 km from Guwahati, the state capital. This was also the headquarters of erstwhile Goalpara district which was created in 1876 by the British government. In 1983, Goalpara district was divided into four districts and Dhubri is one among those. It is a small old town on the bank of the Brahmaputra and Gadadhar Rivers. .Dhubri District is bounded both by inter-state and international border i.e. West Bengal and Bangladesh in the west, Goalpara and Bogaigoan district of Assam and Garo Hills district of Meghalaya in the east, Kokrajhar district in the north, Bangladesh and state of Meghalaya in the south.Covering an area of 2,838 Sq. Kms. including forests, riverines, hills etc. the district has become the most densely populated district in India with a density of 1171 persons per Sq. Km.(As per 2011 census).
The name Dhubri comes from the tale of Chand Sadagar, where the main character of the story Netai Dhubuni used to wash her clothes on the surface of a big stone at bank of the river Brahmaputra . This particular place had a name called "Netai Dhubunir Ghat".
In 1669 AD Raja Ram Singh, Mughal general of Amber was deputed by Aurangzeb of Delhi to crash a rebellion by the Ahom king Chakradhwaj Singha. But Assam was a difficult country for such an operation and Raja Ram Singh requested Guru Teg Bahadur to accompany him. Guru Teg Bahadur accepted the request and his presence was initially thought to be a moral booster to both Ram Singh and his troops. However, later Guru's role was proved to be much more crucial than his mere presence. This operation was actually a punishment for Ram Singh because it was from his custody that Shivaji and his son had escaped, from Aurangzeb's likely execution, a few years earlier.
On arrival to Kamrup early in February 1669 AD, Guru Teg Bahadur camped at Dhubri while Raja Ram Singh with his army camped at Rangamati Fort. Though the Imperial Army was confident but still not sure whether the holy man with them would be able to destroy the evil effects of magic and witchcraft of the Assamese. Just across the river the Assamese were unnerved by the superior numbers of the Imperial Army but they were confident that the supernatural powers of their magicians would keep the attackers at bay.
Dhubri district is primarily dependent on agriculture and forest products. Main source of income is paddy with surplus production than its requirment Jute and mustered seed occupy the major share of cash crops. From forest mainly timber and bamboo add to the income though boulder and sand also available. Fish, milk, meat and egg have small contribution to the economy. Land revenue collection is very small in amount whereas excise duty occupies a lion's share of the Govt. exchequre.
Attractions of Dhubri District :
Dhubri District is bestowed with attractive scenic beauties by the mother nature. Both the banks of river Brahmaputra with its lush green fields, blue hills and hillock is a feast to the eyes of the onlookers.
1) Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegbahadur Sahibji : In the heart of the Dhubri Town and on the bank of the river mighty Brahmaputra, this famous Gurudwara is situated. Sikh Guru Nanaka visited this place in 1505 A.D. & met Sri Sankardeva during Nanaka's way from Dhaka to Assam. Thereafter the 9th Guru Tegbahadur came to this place and established this Gurudwara during 17th century. Sikh devotees from all over India and abroad assembled in this Gurudwara pevery year in the month of December to mark the Martydom of Sri Guru Tegbahadur with due solemnity and ceremony. Sikh devotees called this festival as Sahidee-Guru-Parav.
Address of Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegbahadur Sahibji, Dhubri , Dhubri:
Gurdwara Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Saheb Jee
Sikh Pratinidhi Board Eastern Zone
Dhubri Saheb - 783301 - Assam - India
Contact Person :
Sikh Pratinidhi Board Eastern Zone
S. Kulwant Singh
Sikh Pratinidhi Board Eastern Zone
2) Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary : Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary falling under Dhubri and Kokrajhar districts of Assam. It is famous for the Golden Langur and is the second protected habitat for Golden Langur in India. Chakrashila Hill was first declared as reserve forest in 1966 and on July 14, 1994 it was recognized with the status of sanctuary by the Government of Assam. It covers an area of 45.568 sq.km (4556.8 hectares). It is around 6 km from Kokrajhar town, 68 km from Dhubri town and 219 km from Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Guwahati. The sanctuary is mainly a hilly tract running north-south and there are two lakes (Dheer Beel and Diplai Beel) on either side, which are integral to the eco-system of the sanctuary. The lower hilly reaches are covered with Sal coppice regeneration while middle and upper reaches are covered with mixed deciduous forests. Different kinds of mammals and birds, twenty-three species of reptiles including snakes, crocodiles, alligators, lizards and turtles, more than forty species of butterfly are found in this sanctuary.
3) Mahamaya Dham : Mahamaya Dham of Bogribari, about 30-35 Km.east from Dhubri town is next to Kamakhya Than (Guwahati) and Madan-Mohan (Cooch Behar) in its attraction to the pilgrims and tourists. Originaly the famous mother Goddess Mahamaya of Parvatjowar was worshipped by the local people like Kacharies, Koches and Nath etc. It was the presiding deity of the Jaminder of Parvatjowar. Now-a-days the mother Mahamaya is worshipped by all Hindus.
4) Rangamati Mosque : The very famous Rangamati Mosque was built during 17th century by Hussain Shah, the Governor of Bengal.This Mosque belongs to pre-Mughal period which can be recognised from its typical architectural design. It is about 25Kms away from Dhubri Town. It may be mentioned that Rangamati area was once a very prosperous during thereign of the Koch rulers.It was also frontier post of the Koch rulers. During Mughal regime Rangamati was a great fort of the invading Mughal Army. This unique Mosque was used as a prayer place by the Mohmmedan Soldiers. There is also a Idgah and a deep Well which were also constructed during the same period.
5) Panchpeer Dargaha : It is Mazar Sharif of five Sufi Saints who accompanied Raja Ram Singh during his time of invassion to Assam.This Dargaha is the best example of religious harmony where all section of people irrespective of their religion pay visit with great respect.
6) Florican Garden : A newly setup garden cum natural park located at Bilasipara about 50 Km from Dhubri Town. It is a very attractive tourist place.
Two world famous Wetlands - Dheer Beel and Diplai Beel adjoins Chakrasila W.L. Sanctuary. These two Beels are home of a large number of fishes, turtles, prawn and birds both indigenous and migratory.
Other important places : There are many other important places in this District. There are Matiabag pPalace at Gauripur, Netai Dhubuni Ghat at Dhubri Town, Chandardinga Hillock and Dudhnath Mondir at Salkocha, Ramraikuti at Satrasal, Airport of IInd World War and Soreswar beel at Rupshi etc.
Economy of Dhubri District :
Dhubri district is primarily dependent on agriculture and forest products. Main source of income is paddy with surplus production than its requirment Jute and mustered seed occupy the major share of cash crops. From forest mainly timber and bamboo add to the income though boulder and sand also available. Fish, milk, meat and egg have small contribution to the economy. Land revenue collection is very small in amount whereas excise duty occupies a lion's share of the Govt.exchequre. Devoid of any industrial production the district is considered as a poor district which require more fund for administration, development and welfare works than it actually adds to the state exchequre.
But its rich natural wealth is yet to be explored and some believe that proper utilization of natural resources could provide a boost for the struggling economy.
Education in Dhubri District :
1) B.N. College or Bholanath College : B.N. College, a premier institution of higher education in lower Assam, came into existence as a result of untiring efforts of the then leading and eminent persons of the undivided Goalpara district. Established in 1946, Bhola Nath College has completed its sixty four years of glorious exitance. Since its inception in the pre-independent days, the college has been realizing the long cherished dream of the people of western Assam, western Meghalaya and northern part of West Bengal. Thousands of young men and women of this region have been obtaining their first degree from this institution. The college is located at a distance of three kilometers from the historic shrine of Netai Dhubani Ghat, Gurdwara and Panchpeer Dargah providing a healthy and congenial atmosphere of teaching and learning. Phone :- 03662-230573(O)/230673(R)
2) Chilarai College, Golakganj : It is located in Golakganj in Dhubri district. The college is affiliated to Gauhati University, Guwahati. The College was was established in the year 1973. The College was brought under the deficit grant-in-aid system in the year 1987. The college has been awarded Grade 'B' by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). Phone : 03662-287220
3) Pramathesh Barua College : Pramathesh Barua College is located in Dhubri, Assam. It is one of the good Higher education institute in the region. The college is affiliated to the Gauhati University, Assam. Phone : 03662-281436
4) Dhubri Girls College : It was established in 1983. It runs course(s) in Arts stream(s). Phone : 03662-232004
5) Dhubri B. T. College
Banks in Dhubri District :
1) Central Bank Of India, DURGA DAS ROAD, Phone : (03662) 230863
2) Punjab National Bank, DHUBRI, Phone : +91-9435214145
3) State Bank Of India (SBI), G N B RD, Phone : 03362-232150, 234816, 233485
4) State Bank Of India (SBI), DHUBRI BAZAR, Phone : 03662-234944/ 230819
5) UCO Bank, H N ROAD, Phone : 03662-230243
6) United Bank Of India, N S ROAD, Phone : (03662) 230919
7) Allahabad Bank, DHUBRI, Phone: 03662-230741
8) Allahabad Bank, G.T.B.ROAD, Phone: 03662-234214
9) UCO Bank, AGAMONI, Phone : 03662-288723
10)UCO Bank, SAPATGRAM, 03667-281241
11)ICICI Bank, WARD NO. 2, T R PHUKAN RD, NEAR MAIN BAZAR, Phone : +91-9577390734
Various Banks ATMs in Dhubri District :
1) STATE BANK OF INDIA ATM, GTB Road
2) AXIS BANK LTD ATM, M.G. Place, Kali Bari Road.
3) UNION BANK OF INDIA ATM, Chowk Bazar, N S Road
4) AXIS BANK LTD ATM, GTB Road, Ward No.2, near Chana Bus Stand and Auswini Bus Stand, Panch More
5) STATE BANK OF INDIA ATM, COLLEAGUE
6) ICICI BANK ATM, WARD NO.2, TR PHUKAN ROAD, NEAR MAIN BAZAR
7) Punjab National Bank ATM, Guru Tegbahadur Road