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Assamese tribes and culture


Head-Quater : Tinsukia
Area : 3790 sq. km
HQ PIN Code : 786125
HQ STD Code : 0374
Official Website : www.tinsukia.nic.in
Tinsukia District Map
Population : 13,16,948(2011 Census)
Male : 6,75,986
Female : 6,40,962
Sex Ratio : 948
Density : 347 per sq. km

Tinsukia is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Tinsukia. Tinsukia is last district of upper Assam. The district occupies an area of 3790 sq.km. It is situated 480 kilometres (298 mi) north east of Guwahati and 84 kilometres (52 mi) kilometres away from the border with Arunachal Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Tinsukia District of Assam, India.Tinsukia district came into existence on 1st October'1989 as a result of the bifurcation of Dibrugarh district. The district is situated at the easternmost part of the state and is bounded by Dibrugarh and Dhemaji in the west and north-west respectively. It also makes an international border with Myanmar in the south. Hailed as the business capital of Assam, the place has a heady mix of Assamese, Bengali and Hindi-speaking people. It truely is a cosmopolitan town.In ancient times Tinsukia was known as Bengmora. The present name of the place came from the Tinkunia Pukhuri (the pond with three sides) located at the heart of the town. Tinsukia is also a major railhead of Assam. Presently it houses the biggest railway junction of Assam.

The ancient name of Tinsukia was Bangmara which was orginally known as Changmai Pathar. It was the capital of Muttack Kingdom. The First King of Muttack Kingdom was Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha. Sarbananada Singha established his capital at Rangagarah situated in the bank of river Guijan. In 1791 A.D. he transferred his capital to Bengmara. The city was built in the middle of the present Tinsukia City (near the Senairam H.S. School). As per the direction of Sarbananda Singha, Godha Baruah dug a triangler shaped pond in Bangmara which is known as "Tinikunia Pukhuri". In 1884 Dibru-Sadiya Rail line was constructed and a station was setup near the "Tinikunia Phukhuri" which was named as Tinsukia. Since then the City was popularly known as Tinsukia.

According to the map prepared by Captain Hemilton Vetch in 1841, a large portion of present Dibrugarh and Tinsukia district had been identified as "Bengmara Country of Moamareeya Tribe" with its capital at Bengmara (present Tinsukia). In the history of Assam, this Bengmara Country was later popularly known as Muttack Country of Soumar, early name of a region in the North East corner of Assam.

Attaraction :

1) THE NA-PUKHURI : The Na-Pukhuri or the cluster of nine ponds is situated at the South-Eastern corner of Tinsukia Town. A great historical monument of the Muttock Kingdom ( 1788 – 1842 ), it was constructed during the reign of the last Muttock King Sarbananda Singha ( 1788 – 1805 ). It was during his times that many other beautiful tanks and ponds in and around his capital city Bengmara (nowTinsukia) were created.

2) THE STILWELL ROAD : During the World War-II Japan occupied Burma in early part of 1942. The British troops retreated to Assam. The Japanese cut-off road communication to China and isolated it. The Japanese were moving towards the North. The Ledo Road, (from Ledo, Assam, India to Kunming, Yunnan, China) was built during World War II so that the Western Allies could supply the Chinese as an alternative to the Burma Road which had been cut by the Japanese in 1942. It was renamed the Stilwell Road (named after General Vinegar Joe Stilwell of the U.S. Army) in early 1945 at the suggestion of Chiang Kai-shek. It passes through Burma towns of shingbwiyang, Myitkyina and Bhamo in Kachin state.

3) WAR CEMETERIES OF THE WORLD WAR-II AT LONGTONG : The Longtong(earlier known as 3 mile, Stilwell road) cemetery was of those Chinese soldiers grievously wounded during operation and badly diseased by Malaria, Dysentary, Typhoid etc. and hospitalised in the then Chinese Hospital at Margherita where they died and laid in the burrial ground there. The camps of chinese were located at Lekhapani and onwards with a transit camp and godown at Margherita. So, the Cemeteries were laid around their camps.

4) DIBRU-SAIKHOWA NATIONAL PARK : Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, encircled by rivers Brahmaputra and Dibru, is a river island nestled in the lap of Lohit, Dibang and Dangori rivers. Spread over an area of 765 sq. km with a core area of 340 sq. km, it is one of the 14 Biosphere Reserves of India. It enjoys a tropical hot and humid climate with evergreen and semi evergreen forests. Varied vegetation has provided excellent habitat for large numbers of faunal and floral species among which several are globally threatened and endangered. This park is home of Wild Horses. The Dibru-Saikhowa ecosystem is home to a wide range of animals including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, butterflies and insects. The Park is inhabited by 35 species of mammals, 502 species of birds, 104 species of fishes, 43 species of reptiles, 105 species of butterflies  and 680 species of plants. Twleve species of mammals recorded in the Park are listed in the Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.  Among them are the tiger, elephant, Asiatic wild buffalo, hoolock gibbon, capped langur and slow loris. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is generally kept open for tourist from month of November to April or as notified by the National Park Authority. A written permission from the Park Authority for entering into the National Park is obligatory. No entry after sunset and before sunrise is permitted in the Park. Guijan Ghat and Saikhowa ghat are the two entry points for tourists. Night halt and pickniking inside the Park is strictly prohibited. Lodging facilities are available out side the Park at Guijan Forest I.B.for which advance booking is necessary. However, private Hotels are also available at
Tinsukia Town at a very reasonable rate.

5) DIGBOI : A century ago just before the World War I, history of another kind was in the making in a remote corner of Assam in the midst of the dense and malaria infested jungles by a band of intrepid pioneers searching for black gold. Italian Engineers, commissioned by the Assam Railways and Trading Company, which has already established Tea Gardens, Coal Mines and Timber Mills in the remote North-Eastern part of Assam, to build a railway line from Dibrugarh to Margherita (headquarters A R T & Co.) accidently discovered oil at Digboi. It was here in Digboi that the first commercially viable well in India, known locally as well No.1, was successfully drilled in September'1889 and first modern refinery in India was built and commissioned in December'1901 to supplant a small "batch-still" refinery in Margherita. Digboi boasts of two modern wonders of the world – a hundred-year-old oil field still producing and the world's oldest operating oil refinery. Tucked amid blue hills and undulating plains carpeted with emerald green tea plantations, Digboi still retains its colonial ambience. Its simply breathtaking to have a birds eye view of Digboi from the famous Ridge Hill point. On clear days, one can also see the snow- covered mountains of the eastern Himalayas.

6) MARGHERITA : the centre of tea gardens, plywood factories and coal mines, with many picnic spots dotting the sandy banks of the River Dihing. Cool, misty and away from the mainland, breathing in the aroma of fresh tea leaves is an experience, both rare and heartwarming. The tea gardens here are perhaps the best in the world.

7) SPORTS : the 18-hole golf course developed by the Scottish pioneers in their immutable style. In fact, Digboi can almost be called a Golfing Resort with as many as eight golf courses within close proximity, each with its own individual character and challenges.

8) BORAJAN WILDLIFE SANCTUARY : Located 5 km from Tinsukia, Borajan Wildlife Sanctuary is a small patch of forest in Tinsukia District of Assam. Spread over an area of 5 sq km, this tropical semi-evergreen area has cultivated areas and tea estates. This reserved forest pocket, comes under the Digboi division of east Assam, mainly houses five species of primate – capped langur, hoolock gibbon, stump tailed macaque, slow loris and common macaque. Borajan is also an ideal place for bird watching. The Borajan, Juthli Bari, Kunwari Pathar, Jarkhand and Borajan forest village are the five villages positioned around the sanctuary.

9) Bordubi Tilinga Mandir : It is famous for the "Tilinga" that is hanged in the Temple.
It is believed that if you have a wish and you pray to Lord Shiva for fulfilling the wish,your wish will be granted by lord Shiva. Only thing is that you have to determine to donate a bell at the this temple of bells in Assam. Lakhs of people believe this and offer their prayer everyday at this Temple of bells in Assam. Usually people prefer to visit the Temple of Bells in Mondays. But everyday thousands of people gather there to offer their prayer or to offer bells to Lord Shiva which is tied with a Red thread to the big tree. You can buy bells of different sizes according to your wish from the nearby shops owned by local people of Bordubi village.

Economy :
Tinsukia District is a principal commercial ccentres in Assam. It is mainly an industrial district and the economy of Tinsukia District includes several prominent districts. Some of the industries of this district are IOC (AOD) at Dogboi (Oldest Refinery of Asia), Coal India Ltd. at Margherita, Coal field at Ledo, Bordoloi and Tipong, Oil India Ltd. having Oil Fields in and around Digboi, Makum areas, Bottling Plant at Goponari, Hindustan Liver Ltd. Cosmetic Industry and more. Tinsukia produces generous amount of oranges, ginger, other citrus fruits and paddy (rice).

Minning of Coal in the Makum Coal fields was started by the Assam Railways & Trading Company. The A.R & T. Co. was incorporated on 30/7/1881 and first colliery started was Ledo Colliery, in 1882. The Coal Mines were Nationalized w.e.f. 1/5/1973 under coal Mines(Nationallsation) Act.1973 and the coal Mines in Makum coalfields went under Coal Mines Authority Ltd. Coal India Ltd. was formed in November'1975 and since then the coal mines in the Makum coalfields are being managed by Coal India Ltd.

Tinsukia is famous for its tea gardens.Endless stretches of tea gardens are very pleasing to the eyes. The greenery encompasses the traveller till he is awestruck. There are al,ost 223 Small Tea Growers of Assam Registered with Tea Board of India upto 31st March 2007 (Traditional and Non-Traditional area) from Tinsukia district

Education :

Few of the famous schools in Tinsukia are

1)Budding Buds School,D M Lohia Road,Tinsukia -786125
2)Carmel High School,Digboi, Tinsukia – 786151,Phone Number : 0375-164279
3)Carmel School,Digboi,Tinsukia -768171,Phone Number : 03751-264279,03751-269454
4)Delhi Public School,Digboi, Tinsukia – 786171
5)Don Bosco High School,Tinsukia – 786151,Phone Number : 03759-20353
6)Don Bosco School,Doom Dooma, Tinsukia – 786151
7)Fun Land Play House,Professors Colony ( Near Big
Bazar ), Tinsukia – 786125,Phone Number : 9435270021
8)Guru Teg Bahadur Academy     Tinsukia – 786125
9)Holy Child School,Hijuguri, P.B. No.53, Tinsukia- 786125
10)Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya,Women's ITI Campus, P.O.Borguri, Tinsukia – 786126,Phone Number : 0374-2332129

Few of the famous colleges in Tinsukia

1) Tinsukia College,College Road,Tinsukia,Phone-0374-2338340
2) Tinsukia Law College,Tinsukia,Phone-0374-2333221
3) Tinsukia Women's College,Tinsukia-Phone - 0374/2332244
4) Tinsukia Commarce College,Sripuria,Tinsukia,Phone - 0374-2339274, 0374-2339359
5) Doomdooma College,Rupai Siding,Tinsukia,Phone - 03759-242532, 03759-240800
6) Digboi College.
7) Digboi Mohila Mahavidyalaya.
8) Margherita College,Margherita,Tinsukia,Phone - 03751-220039
9) Sadiya Govt. College,Chapakhowa,Tinsukia,Phone - 03756-244540
10) Ledo College,Ledo,Tinsukia,Phone - 03751-225443


Banks :

1) Allahabad Bank,THANA ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2330141
2) Axis Bank,SHREE SHYAM KUNJ,CHIRWAPATTY ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-223 4557/ 233 4547/ 233 4546/ 233 1733
3) Bank Of Baroda (BOB),A T ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2331141
5)Canara Bank,A.T. ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2331447
6)Central Bank Of India,A.T. ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2331090
7)Dena Bank,RANGAGOR ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2331118
8)Central Bank Of India,G.N.B. ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone:0374-2330834
9)Central Bank Of India,POWAI,MARGHERITA,TINSUKIA,Phone: (03751)-220314
12)Indian Bank (IB),NARASING DAS ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2331112
13)Indian Overseas Bank (IOB),A. T. ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: (0374) 2331138
14)IndusInd Bank,ANKIT TOWER,1ST FLOOR, CHIRWAPATTY ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2340121,2340122
15)Oriental Bank Of Commerce (OBC),PRITHANI BHAWAN,CHIRW,NARSINGH DAS ROAD,TINSUKIA.Phone: 0374-2339500
16)Punjab National Bank (PNB),TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2330373
17)State Bank Of India (SBI),A T ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374- 2331594, 2330799
18)State Bank Of India (SBI),TINSUKIA BAZAR,Phone:0374-2351577,2330105
19)Bank Of Rajasthan (BOR),ALB'S COMMERCIAL COMPLEX,CENTRAL BANK LANE,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2330250,94355 32635
20)Federal Bank,CHIRWAPPATTY ROAD,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374-2330960
22)Union Bank Of India (UBI),A T ROAD SIDING BAZARTINSUKIA,TINSUKIA,Phone: 0374 - 2331117
23)United Bank Of India (UBI),PROKASH BAZAR,TINSUKIA,Phone: (0374) 2330820
24)Vijaya Bank,G N B ROAD,TINSUKIA

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