The name Golaghat ( 'Gola' which means shop and 'Ghat' meaning the landing point of river ferry ) originated from the shops established by the 'Marwari' businessmen during mid part of 20th century AD at the bank of river Dhansiri near present Golaghat town. Golaghat district is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. It attained district status in 1987. The district headquarters are located at Golaghat. The district occupies an area of 3502 sq.km and lies 100 m above sea level. As of 2011, Golaghat district has a population of 10,58,674 World famous Kaziranga National Park is situated in Golaghat district. Golaghat district is surrounded by the river Brahmaputra to the north, the state of Nagaland to the south, Jorhat district to the east and Karbi Anglong and Nagaon district to the west. Dhansiri is the principal river, which originates from Laisang peak of Nagaland. It streams through a distance of 352 km from south to north before joining the Brahmaputra. Its catchment area is 1220 sq.km. Doyang, Nambor, Doigrung and Kalioni are the four rivulets of the Dhansiri. The river Kakodonga marks the border between Golaghat and Jorhat districts.
Golaghat played a significant role in the freedom struggle of India. Not to speak of the four valiant martyrs viz Kushal Konwar, Kamala Miri , Biju Vaishanav and Dwariki Das, a good number of men and women, both from urban and rural areas, jumped in the struggle for independence and suffered a lot while doing their duty towards the nation. It is worth mentioning that in many of the movements of the freedom struggle, the role played by the freedom fighters of Golaghat was unparalleled as compared to other places of Assam.
The 'POLITICAL HISTORY OF ASSAM' edited by a group of eminent historians of Assam speaks highly about the role of Golaghat. As per the records available in the book, the number of women volunteers in 1932's Civil Disobedience Movement was highest in Golaghat. Besides, the event of hoisting congress flag in the court building in broad daylight could be achieved in only four places in Assam and Golaghat was one of them. In 42's rebellion, Golaghat and Nagaon became the eyesore of the alien rulers.
The glorious role of Golaghat in the struggle for independence dates back to the first freedom struggle of India in the year 1857 popularly known as Sepoy Mutiny. During the period a camp of sepoys hailing from U.P. and Bihar were stationed in a village named 'NOGORA' about 12 km South of Golaghat town with two of its outposts at Jamuguri and Borpathar. Piyali Barua, a close associate of Moniram Dewan, came to this camp to stir the minds of the sepoys against the British in the line adopted by their colleagues in the northern India. The sepoys were aroused accordingly and they raised the first banner of revolt openly on 29th August 1857. This is reckoned as the first incidence in Assam where the sepoys serving under British rulers raised their voices against their rulers. This place was recognized in the golden jubilee year of Indian's independence by the Golaghat administration.
Kaziranga National Park : Kaziranga National Park is situated on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river in Golaghat district. Kaziranga is a title of a remarkable success story of conservation of the One Horned India Rhinoceros and other wild lives in the North East India. It is not only the homeland of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, but also provides shelter to a variety of wild lives. Established in 1908 as a game reserve, it became a national park in 1974 and is inscribed on the IUCN list of World Natural Heritage Site in 1985. It has an area of 430 sq. km. and lies between the Brahmaputra river and the Karbi Anglong hills. Much of the park is marshland interspersed with large water bodies, patches of elephant grass, scattered trees and bushes. Kaziranga's wildlife include the great Indian one-horned Rhinoceros, tiger, leopard, elephant, wild pig, hog deer, swamp deer, buffalo and other water fowl. Many migratory birds visit Kaziranga in the winter season.
Garampani : It is a hot water spring inside the Nambar Reserve Forest, about 18 Km South of Golaghat town; only about 50 M. from the NH 39 on the way to Dimapur in Nagaland. One can visit it by hiring a taxi from Golaghat town or by public buses plying on the Golaghat Dimapur route. During winter season lucky visitors may get to see herds of wild elephants grazing by the side of the highway as NH 39 passes through the thickest portion of Nambar Forest.
Neghereting Shiva Mandir : Perched on a hill top, it is an ancient Shiva temple built by Ahom kings. It is surrounded by lush green tea gardens and is a popular picnic spot. From the NH 37, it is only about 1 and 1/2 Km to the north. From Golaghat town, it is about 30 Kms and from Jorhat town it is about 32 Kms. Neghereting temple is also the home of hundreds of monkeys.
Uncle Robin's Children's Museum : Situated on Mission Road in Golaghat town of Assam, Uncle Robin's Children's Museum lies within the residence of Dr Robin Banerjee, a naturalist of international repute. The museum exhibits some of the personal collections of Dr Banerjee's lifetime, which include dolls, paintings, artifacts, mementos, movies and others.
Deopahar Ruins, Numaligarh : Why is that ruins are always so much more appealing than restorations ? Deopahar is an example. Scattered on the hill top are ruins of an ancient temple with statues lying shattered and greenery sprouting from the heads of others. The climb to the top of the hill is exhausting, especially on a hot day, but the view from the top spanning across Numaligarh Tea Estate and nearby Karbi Anglong hills and forests is simply divine. Deoparbat is situated just by the side of road, about only 5 Kms. from Numaligarh Tinali on NH 37, from where the N.H. 39 leading to Dimapur starts.
Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary : Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is 25 km from Golaghat. It occupies about 37 sq km and shelters wild elephants, various species of monkeys and rare types of orchids. Nambor is also famous for the hot spring lake, locally known as Goram Pani, which has medicinal properties.
Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL) : Nestling in the sylvan environs of the Brahmaputra valley where the beautiful rendezvous of water and land throws up myriad colours, Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), which was set up at Numaligarh in the district of Golaghat (Assam) in accordance with the provisions made in the historic Assam Accord signed on 15th August 1985, has been conceived as a vehicle for speedy industrial and economic development of the region.
The 3 MMTPA Numaligarh Refinery Limited was dedicated to the nation by the erstwhile Hon'ble Prime Minister Shri A. B. Vajpayee on 9th July, 1999. NRL has been able to display creditable performance since commencement of commercial production in October, 2000. With its concern, commitment and contribution to socio-economic development of the state combined with a track record of continuous growth, NRL has been conferred the status of Mini Ratna PSU.
Economy of Golaghat district is mainly agro based. Tea , Rice and Sugarcane are the main agricultural crops grown in the district. Except Numaligarh Refinery, there is no other heavy industries in the district as such. Tea is the largest agro based industry of the district. There are 63 large Tea gardens producing about 20000MT of tea per year. Moreover, emergence of small tea growers in the agrarian scene has heralded a new revolution in the district. Small scale tea cultivation has got considerable popularity here because of high profit in comparison with other high land crops . It has caught the fancy of educated unemployed youths to take the tea as there profession by choice rather than by circumstance. Rearing and reeling of Muga and Endi, making of Japi (headgear) and earthen Potential and extraction of Agaru oil are the cottage industries prevail in Golaghat district. Quality Muga silk and Agaru oil in Golaghat district are considered as superior. Long neck earthen potential made in Dhekial, specially for storing molasses is unique as such long neck earthen pots are not prepared anywhere in the world. 'Japi' of Naharani of Dergaon finds a market in entire Brahmaputra valley.
DEBRAJ ROY COLLEGE : Debraj Roy College was established in 1949 with donation from the then proprietor of Bogidhala Tea & Trading Company, late S.N. Roy in memory of his father late Debraj Roy. Since then the College has grown to be the premier institution of higher education of the District. It is a full-fledged Degree College under Dibrugarh University having Arts and Science faculties. Phone : 03774 280382
DERGAON KAMAL DOWERAH COLLEGE : The college was established in the year 1962 with a generous donation from late Kamal Dowerah after whom the college is named. It has been a co-educational College since its beginning. The college is situated in the Rajabahar area of Dergaon.
The college imparts education in Arts, Science and Commerce. Besides, the college has Post - Graduate class in Economics affiliated under Dibrugarh University, and a study centre (Code 0402) of Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU).
HEMO PROVA BORBORA GIRLS' COLLEGE : Hemo Prova Borbora Girls’College, Golaghat is a premier institution of higher education for woman in the district of Golaghat. This institution for collegiate education imparts education in Arts stream (Humanities) to woman at both higher secondary level and pre-degree (B.A.) level and it is permanently affiliated to Dibrugarh University, Assam.
H.P.B. Girls’ college was established in 1969 with financial assistance from late Alok Chandra Borbora of Golaghat to commemorate his mother’s name late Hemo Prava Borbora, a pious and religious lady of fame. Phone : 03774 280484
1) Axis Bank, BENGENAKHOWA, G.F. ROAD, Phone : 03774 - 281501/281422/281143
2) Central Bank Of India, KAPOOR COMPLEX, MAIN ROAD, Phone : (03774) 283607
3) Central Bank Of India, NUMLIGARH, Phone : (03776) 264444
4) Indian Bank (IB), Main Road, Phone: 03774 281345
5) Punjab National Bank (PNB), KATNALGORI, Phone: 03774-245666
6) Punjab National Bank (PNB), BENGENAKHOWA , Phone: 03774-281297
7) State Bank Of India (SBI), GOLAGHAT, Phone: 03774-283539,280055
8) United Bank Of India (UBI), DHODARALI
9) Vijaya Bank GOLAGHAT, JAMUNA SUPER MARKET, 1st FOLOR,G D ROAD
10)Union Bank Of India (UBI), 1st FLR CONN RD DHODAR ALI, Phone: 03774 - 281392
11) ICICI Bank, J B COMPLEX, HOSPITAL ROAD, TOKANI CIRCLE
Deputy Commissioner - 03774-280222
ADC, Development - 03774-280308
Treasury Officer - 03774 280298
Supdt. of Excise - 03774 282382
Police Reserve - 03774-280520
Fire Brigade, Golaghat - 03774-280300
Fire Brigade, Bokakhat - 03776-268017
Supdt., District Jail - 03774-285154
CRPF & CISF
Comndt. 85 CRPF, Bokajan - 03675-246069/246171
Comndt. 84 CRPF, Jonakinagar - 03774-283295
Asstt. Comndt. CISF, Numaligarh - 03776-265513
Joint Dirctor of Health Services - 03774-280265
Ex. Engg., ASEB - 03774-280312
Asstt. Engg .ASEB - 03774-280417
Dist. Transport Officer - 03774-282181
Supdt., A.S.T.C. - 03774-280105
Supdt., Income tax - 03774-280318
Supdt. , Central Excise - 03774-280313
S.A.I. Hostel - 03774-280679
Post Master - 03774-280548
Chairman, Municipality Board - 03774-280352
S.D.P.O. Bokakhat - 03776-268332
E & D Guest House, Bokakhat - 03776-268164
D.F.O. Wild Life, Bokakhat - 03776-268007
Principal, D. R. College - 03774-280382
Principal, Commerce College - 03774-280465
Principal, H.P.B. COLLEGE - 03774280485
Principal, G.B.B.H.S. School - 03774-280483
Principal, V.K.V. - 03774-280048
Principal, Christan H.S. - 03774-280307
Principal, DON BOSCO H.S. - 03774280809
Principal, SECRED HEART - 03774281176
Principal, Girls Polytechnic - 03774-280348
Principal, B.ED. College - 03774-282470
Madhuram Hotal - 03774-280264
Nambar Guesthouse - 03774- 280900
Dhansiri Hotel - 03774 -280856
DOSS & CO. Guesthouse - 03774-280209
Sarma Guesthouse - 03774-280805
Aranya Lodge - 03776-262429
Bonani Lodge - 03776-262423
Wild Grass - 03776-262437/262011
Soil Guest House, Kohora - 03776-260409
N.R.L. Guesthouse - 03776-265455
Priyam Bhaban - 03774-281229
Kushal Konwar Civil Hospital - 03774-280505
Supdt., Civil Hospital - 03774-280373
Nambor Travel - 03774-283100
Ratnagiri Tranel - 03774-280609
Himgiri Travel - 03774-280606
Jayhin Travel - 03774-283464
Palican Travel - 03774-282396
Director Technical(NRL) - 03776-265401