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Assamese tribes and culture

Various Cultures Of Assam

Culture is a term admitting of various interpretations. The consensus of opinion seems to indicate that it generally transcends the biological individual and deals with the mass of learned and transmitted habits, techniques, ideas, and values–and the behaviour they induce in a particular social group. Culture not only comprehends what is obvious, that is, the arts and crafts and oral or written literatures and thought currents, but also the basic customs and traditions, rites and rituals which together foster a certain social pattern and a certain outlook among the people living in that pattern. Literature and historical incidents are but what we see from the outside; what gives authenticity and a convincing colour to any study of a social group is an understanding of the deeper roots from which it sprouted. Assam is the meeting ground of diverse cultures. The people of the enchanting state of Assam is an intermixture of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan. The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races evolved through a long assimilative process. The natives of the state of Assam are known as "Asomiya" (Assamese), which is also the state language of Assam.

From time immemorial, the people of Assam have traditionally been craftsmen. Artists, sculptors, masons, weavers, spinners, potters, goldsmiths, artisans of ivory, wood, bamboo, cane and hide have flourished in Assam from ancient times.

Weaving is one traditional craft that every Assamese woman takes pride in. The Assamese women produce silk and cotton clothes of exquisite designs in their looms. Assam is renowned for its exquisite silks namely Eri, Pat and the world famous Muga silk. Gandhiji complimented the Assamese weavers as artists who could weave dreams in their looms.

Jolpan - Traditional Assamese Breakfast
Jolpan - Traditional Assamese Breakfast
Jolpan is a mini meal in Assam.It generally contains of some forms of rice like roasted and ground rice (xandoh), flattened(chira), puffed rice (muri) komal saul or cooked glutinous rice (bora saul). Generally they are are eaten along with curd or cream and jaggery. Flattened rice (Bora Dhan'or Cira) served with cream and a sweet instead of Jaggery
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Jhumur Dance
Jhumur Dance
Jhumur dance is a traditional dance of tea tribe communities of Assam. The dance is usually performed during Autumn season in assam. This dance is also found in few parts of West Bengal. This dance is performed by young girls mostly in an open area like field or under tree. The girls performed this dance is acconpanied by male members to maintain the rhythm and vocals and playing musical instruments.
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Ojapali Dance
Ojapali Dance
The OjaPali is the most distinctive folk dance from Assam, representing the rich tradition and cultural heritage of the state. Assamese culture is enriched by the elements of ethnic culture of various tribes and castes, religions and languages. Out of these traditional cultures, OjaPali is one of the oldest performing arts.
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Assamese Wedding Celebrations Or Assamese Marriage Or Assamese Biya
Assamese Wedding Celebrations Or Assamese Marriage Or Assamese Biya
Wedding is an union of two souls which is made by God. An Assamese marriage is the wedding ceremony which takes place in the state of Assam or between Assamese people. Assamese wedding is based on Vedic traditions and rituals. In Assamese language ceremony is known as "Biya". The traditional wedding song is known by "Biya naam". It is simple and yet very elegant. This wedding is a unique traditional culture like chanting of "U...
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Me-dam-me-phi Or Me-dum-me-phi
Me-dam-me-phi Or Me-dum-me-phi
Every year at a particular time, families propitiate the dam and the phi of the dead at home, and by the king at Charaideo. This is an inalienable part of the ancestor worship of the Ahom and is called Me-Dam Me-Phi (worshipped the Dam and the Phi). The word "Me" means offerings, "Dam" means ancestors and "Phi" means gods and thus it translates into offering oblation to the dead and sacrifices to gods. Earlier, the Ahom kings ...
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Sattriya Nritya - Beautiful Classic Dance Of Assam
Sattriya Nritya - Beautiful Classic Dance Of Assam
It is a beautiful classic dance of Assam called Sattriya . It is celebrated during winter in many places of north east. It is one among eight principal classical Indian dance traditions. Whereas some of the other traditions have been revived in the recent past, Sattriya has remained a living tradition since its creation by the Assamese Vaishnav saint Srimanta Sankardeva, in 15th century Assam. The other seven are Bharatanatyam...
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Bhaona - Traditional Form Of Assamese Entertainment
Bhaona - Traditional Form Of Assamese Entertainment
Bhaona is a traditional form of entertainment, always with religious messages, prevalent is Assam, India. The history of Assamese drama begins with the plays of Mahapurusha Srimanta Sankardeva (1449-1568) written in the early sixteenth century. These plays are popularly known as Ankiya Nats and their staging is known as bhaona. Bhaona is a performing art form. It is a simple drama which shows the victory of truth at the climax...
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Chaklang - Traditional Ahom Marriage
Chaklang - Traditional Ahom Marriage
The Assamese culture is full of varieties. Various communities and their traditions have made this place a garden with a mixture of colorful flowers. So, there is no end to the rituals and customs in the social festivals. Even the marriage system in the Assamese culture is found to be practiced in different ways in various places. In Assam, marriage is being termed as "biya" and there is a particular way of celebrating this he...
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Japi Or Headgear
Japi Or Headgear
Japi or Headgear wich is used to originally protective headgear woven out of bamboo and palm leaves worn by farmers as protection against sun and rain. Mostly farmers and cowherds use Japi in ancient days as used both as a hat and an umbrella. But the size of the jaapi used to be very large and in the rainy climatic condition of Assam, it was very useful. It is much more comfortable to use than an umbrella for farmers.
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Gamocha
Gamocha
Gamocha (Gamocha/ Gamusa) which is a symbol of Assamese culture is equivalent to towel by meaning 'Ga' means 'body' and 'mosa' means 'wipe' (literally meaning a towel but multi-functional in practice, an item held in high esteem and an important marker of cultural identity) in Assamese. The Gamocha is one of the most easily recognizable cultural symbols of the Assamese people besides the tamol-paan (areca nut & betel leaf) wh...
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Assamese tribes and culture
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