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Assamese tribes and culture

Various Cultures Of Assam

Culture is a term admitting of various interpretations. The consensus of opinion seems to indicate that it generally transcends the biological individual and deals with the mass of learned and transmitted habits, techniques, ideas, and values–and the behaviour they induce in a particular social group. Culture not only comprehends what is obvious, that is, the arts and crafts and oral or written literatures and thought currents, but also the basic customs and traditions, rites and rituals which together foster a certain social pattern and a certain outlook among the people living in that pattern. Literature and historical incidents are but what we see from the outside; what gives authenticity and a convincing colour to any study of a social group is an understanding of the deeper roots from which it sprouted. Assam is the meeting ground of diverse cultures. The people of the enchanting state of Assam is an intermixture of various racial stocks such as Mongoloid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan. The Assamese culture is a rich and exotic tapestry of all these races evolved through a long assimilative process. The natives of the state of Assam are known as "Asomiya" (Assamese), which is also the state language of Assam.

From time immemorial, the people of Assam have traditionally been craftsmen. Artists, sculptors, masons, weavers, spinners, potters, goldsmiths, artisans of ivory, wood, bamboo, cane and hide have flourished in Assam from ancient times.

Weaving is one traditional craft that every Assamese woman takes pride in. The Assamese women produce silk and cotton clothes of exquisite designs in their looms. Assam is renowned for its exquisite silks namely Eri, Pat and the world famous Muga silk. Gandhiji complimented the Assamese weavers as artists who could weave dreams in their looms.

Bhekuli Biya Or Frog Weddings
Bhekuli Biya Or Frog Weddings
Frog weddings which is called as Bhekuli Biya in Assamese (Bhekuli means Frog and Biya means Marriage in Assamese) is a mythical marriage between two frogs to please the rain god during summer hoping it would open up the skies and bring the monsoon which ensures a good harvesting. Its also common some others parts of India like U.P., Maharastra, Tripura etc.
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Toloni Biya Or Tuloni Biya Or Nua-tuloni-biya Or Santi Biya
Toloni Biya Or Tuloni Biya Or Nua-tuloni-biya Or Santi Biya
Assamese peoples marked two marriages of their daughters. The first marriage is known as Toloni Biya or Tuloni Biya or Nua-tuloni-biya or Small Wedding (Biya means Marriage in Assamese), which is celebrated in childhood. When any Assamese girl reaches puberty and starts menstruation this biya is celebrated. This marriage is celebrated with same enthusiasm as like a real wedding.
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No Khuwa
No Khuwa
In Assamese No means - New & Khuwa means - to eat, and altogether it means New Things to eat. In Assam almost 80% of the population is directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture. The majority of the land in the State is owned by Small and Marginal farmers. Rice is the main food crop in Assam's agriculture as it is the main diet of Assamese peoples.
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Jolpan - Traditional Assamese Breakfast
Jolpan - Traditional Assamese Breakfast
Jolpan is a mini meal in Assam.It generally contains of some forms of rice like roasted and ground rice (xandoh), flattened(chira), puffed rice (muri) komal saul or cooked glutinous rice (bora saul). Generally they are are eaten along with curd or cream and jaggery. Flattened rice (Bora Dhan'or Cira) served with cream and a sweet instead of Jaggery
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Jhumur Dance
Jhumur Dance
Jhumur dance is a traditional dance of tea tribe communities of Assam. The dance is usually performed during Autumn season in assam. This dance is also found in few parts of West Bengal. This dance is performed by young girls mostly in an open area like field or under tree. The girls performed this dance is acconpanied by male members to maintain the rhythm and vocals and playing musical instruments.
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Ojapali Dance
Ojapali Dance
The OjaPali is the most distinctive folk dance from Assam, representing the rich tradition and cultural heritage of the state. Assamese culture is enriched by the elements of ethnic culture of various tribes and castes, religions and languages. Out of these traditional cultures, OjaPali is one of the oldest performing arts.
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Assamese Wedding Celebrations Or Assamese Marriage Or Assamese Biya
Assamese Wedding Celebrations Or Assamese Marriage Or Assamese Biya
Wedding is an union of two souls which is made by God. An Assamese marriage is the wedding ceremony which takes place in the state of Assam or between Assamese people. Assamese wedding is based on Vedic traditions and rituals. In Assamese language ceremony is known as "Biya". The traditional wedding song is known by "Biya naam". It is simple and yet very elegant. This wedding is a unique traditional culture like chanting of "U...
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Me-dam-me-phi Or Me-dum-me-phi
Me-dam-me-phi Or Me-dum-me-phi
Every year at a particular time, families propitiate the dam and the phi of the dead at home, and by the king at Charaideo. This is an inalienable part of the ancestor worship of the Ahom and is called Me-Dam Me-Phi (worshipped the Dam and the Phi). The word "Me" means offerings, "Dam" means ancestors and "Phi" means gods and thus it translates into offering oblation to the dead and sacrifices to gods. Earlier, the Ahom kings ...
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Sattriya Nritya - Beautiful Classic Dance Of Assam
Sattriya Nritya - Beautiful Classic Dance Of Assam
It is a beautiful classic dance of Assam called Sattriya . It is celebrated during winter in many places of north east. It is one among eight principal classical Indian dance traditions. Whereas some of the other traditions have been revived in the recent past, Sattriya has remained a living tradition since its creation by the Assamese Vaishnav saint Srimanta Sankardeva, in 15th century Assam. The other seven are Bharatanatyam...
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Bhaona - Traditional Form Of Assamese Entertainment
Bhaona - Traditional Form Of Assamese Entertainment
Bhaona is a traditional form of entertainment, always with religious messages, prevalent is Assam, India. The history of Assamese drama begins with the plays of Mahapurusha Srimanta Sankardeva (1449-1568) written in the early sixteenth century. These plays are popularly known as Ankiya Nats and their staging is known as bhaona. Bhaona is a performing art form. It is a simple drama which shows the victory of truth at the climax...
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